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Welcome to this week's writing lesson from

 MyEnglishTeacher.net

Are you writing a report, typing a letter, or building a Web site?  If so, you must have tons of questions about English grammar.  That's why we are pleased to make the following

book recommendations

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This is a terrific book that explains how to correctly use grammar (basic to advanced).  The author discusses lots of problematic areas and how to correct them. Click here for more information.

 

 

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This is another terrific book which covers intermediate to advanced grammar and writing skills.  This helpful guide discusses tips on creating sentences and essays.  Click here for more information.

 

Click here to see more English grammar and writing books.

  And one more thing . . .

Lesson Topic: Using Connectors and Words that Add to Ideas. 

The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  It has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

Look at these two sentences.  Is there anything wrong with them?  There is nothing wrong with them, but a word that connects these two sentences is often added.  Adding a connector would clearly show a relationship between the two sentences and ideas.

In this lesson, we would like to introduce connectors and words that are commonly used in professional, business, and university writing.  Although the words have different grammatical names, they share one thing in common: they all continue or add to ideas that were written in the preceding sentence.   

     
Additionally, Besides that, Not only...but also
Also Furthermore, Too
And In addition,  
As well Moreover,  
     

These words are not interchangeable.  In other words, you cannot remove one of these words and add any other.  The best way to explain how to use these words is to simply give you examples.  One thing they all have in common is that they are usually attached to clauses.  That means they are attached to a group of words that contains a subject and a verb.  For more information on clauses, see our lessons on sentence fragments and run-on sentences

We will use the same sentences in order to illustrate how the words are used and to show their different positions in the sentences.  The positions of the words that we show you are the most common but not necessarily the only positions.

Moreover,
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  Moreover, it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

In addition,
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  In addition, it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

Furthermore,
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  Furthermore, it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

Also
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  It also has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

*The word also comes before the verb.  If the verb is a form of to be, also is placed after the verb.

As well
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  It has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world as well.  

Too
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  It has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world, too.

Additionally,
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  Additionally, it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

And
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research, and it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.  

Not only. . . but also
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is not only one of the best places to do research but also has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.

*The subject after but also is usually omitted if but and also remain together, and the subject is the same for both clauses (parts) of the sentence. 

Besides that,
The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  Besides that, it has hundreds of the most respected magazines and journals in the world.

*That refers to what was said in the first sentence.  Though this use of the word besides is not written often, it is commonly used in speech.  Besides must be followed by an object.

Quiz

Directions: Rewrite the following sentences with the connectors and words we learned in this lesson.

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  She tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard.  

1.)  Additionally,

____________________________________________________
2.)  In addition,

____________________________________________________
3.)  Too

____________________________________________________
4.)  Also

____________________________________________________
5.)  Furthermore,

____________________________________________________
6.)  Besides that,

____________________________________________________
7.) And

____________________________________________________
8.)  Moreover,

____________________________________________________
9.)  As well

____________________________________________________
10.)  Not only...but also

____________________________________________________

 



 

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  She tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard.  

1.)  Additionally,

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  Additionally, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

2.)  In addition

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  In addition, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard.

3.)  Too

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.   She tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard, too

4.)  Also

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  She also tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

5.)  Furthermore,

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  Furthermore, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

6.)  Besides that,

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  Besides that, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

7.) And

My professor is an extremely fascinating person, and she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

8.)  Moreover,

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  Moreover, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

9.)  As well

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  She tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard as well

10.)  Not only...but also

My professor is not only an extremely fascinating person but also  tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 

 

  Rules to Remember!

1 These words are not interchangeable.  In other words, you cannot remove one of these words and add any other.  
2

In general, do not use two of these words or phrases in the same sentence.  The following sentence is incorrect:

My professor is an extremely fascinating person.  Furthermore, she tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard as well 
3

In general, when you use these words and connectors, make sure the two sentences/ideas are related.  The second sentence/idea should add information that is specifically related to the first idea.  Take a look at the following example:

The library on 5th Avenue in New York City is one of the best places to do research.  Furthermore, lots of people like to go to libraries to read.   

This first sentence discusses the importance and usefulness of the library on 5th Avenue in New York City.  The second sentence tells you that people like to go to libraries.  Although these sentences both talk about libraries, the second sentence (which has furthermore) does not add information related to the library on 5th Avenue in New York City.  Therefore, the second sentence inappropriately uses furthermore.

4

Don't overuse connectors!  It is unnecessary to use them everywhere in your writing.  Use connectors when you want to do the following:

  • clearly show a relationship between ideas

  • add information that builds on the idea in the preceding sentence

5 We highly recommend you look at our lessons on semicolons and commas

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