Can you describe what it
Lesson Topic: Using
Let's say you want to buy a
new car. You could not go to the car dealer and say, "I
have been dreaming about having a car for a long time. I know exactly
what I want. Please give it to me."
Of course he would think you
are a bit crazy, but he would also ask you a very important question:
"What does your dream car look like?" You would need to
describe it to the car dealer, or you simply wouldn't get the car you had been dreaming about. You would most likely get the automobile the
dealer couldn't sell. That wouldn't be a dream car; it would be a
Fortunately, you could use
words to describe the car of your dreams. The words that describe
things are called adjectives. Adjectives describe nouns (nouns are
people, places, and things). Adjectives are a terrific way to make
your writing a lot more interesting, too. Take a look at the following
Is this an interesting sentence? Does it
describe the kind of car you want to buy? The answers are NO
and NO! The listener/reader doesn't know what kind of car you
want. Do you want a big car or little car? Fast or slow?
Red or blue? Old or new? It is quite unclear. It is also
poor writing because it is very boring. Would you buy a book
that was written like this? Probably not. Unfortunately, many
students and writers write like this. It is a very common problem
which is quite easy to fix.
So what kind of car do you want? Well, um, . .
to buy a blue
I want to buy a new
I want to buy a European
I want to buy a beautiful
Did you find the
adjectives? They are the words that describe the car. The
adjectives above are blue,
The above 4 sentences are written as if the writer wants 4 different
cars. However, if the writer just wants 1 car, how would he/she
combine the sentences into 1 sentence? The writer needs to put all of
the adjectives together. Therefore, we get
to buy a blue,
How's that? Are there
any problems? YES, there are problems! The ORDER of adjectives is quite
important in English. There is an order of adjectives that native
speakers of English normally follow. The list below shows how the
order of adjectives is usually presented; however, there are exceptions and
different combinations depending on the situation.
usually follows this
*Adjectives are never plural. Therefore, when the
adjective contains a number and noun, the noun associated with
the number is singular.
|This is a
|This is a
Using the above list, we can put all four adjectives together to get the
to buy a beautiful,
Adding adjectives is very important if you want to make your writing more
interesting. It helps the reader/listener form a picture in his/her
For example, which of these two sentences is more
descriptive and interesting? Which draws a picture in the reader's
to buy a car.
to buy a beautiful,
Of course the second sentence is more descriptive and
interesting. The reader can see the car in his/her mind. If
you would like to learn more ways to make your writing interesting,
please see our other lessons on this topic. Just go to http://www.MyEnglishTeacher.net/previous.html.
Directions: Look at the
following sentences and adjectives. Rewrite the sentences using the
adjectives in blue.
Be sure to write them in the correct order.
1. Aunt Betty
wants a coffee table. (stone,
2. The king took a
3. These are
chip, delicious, huge)
4. Alice prefers
get very excited when they find bones. (animal,